Family :


Catalog No. :


Protein :


UniProt :


Organism :

Homo sapiens

Expression system :

E. coli

Tag :

No tag

Sequence :


Assay :

Structure :

Inquiry :

Symbol/Gene Name:  EIF2AK1

Alias:  Eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2-alpha kinase 1,Heme-controlled repressor,HCR,Heme-regulated eukaryotic initiation factor eIF-2-alpha kinase,Heme-regulated inhibitor,hHRI,Hemin-sensitive initiation factor 2-alpha kinase

Uniprot: Q9BQI3

Background: Metabolic-stress sensing protein kinase that phosphorylates the alpha subunit of eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2 (EIF2S1/eIF-2-alpha) in response to various stress conditions (PubMed:32132706, PubMed:32132707). Key activator of the integrated stress response (ISR) required for adaptation to various stress, such as heme deficiency, oxidative stress, osmotic shock, mitochondrial dysfunction and heat shock (PubMed:32132706, PubMed:32132707). EIF2S1/eIF-2-alpha phosphorylation in response to stress converts EIF2S1/eIF-2-alpha in a global protein synthesis inhibitor, leading to a global attenuation of cap-dependent translation, while concomitantly initiating the preferential translation of ISR-specific mRNAs, such as the transcriptional activator ATF4, and hence allowing ATF4-mediated reprogramming (PubMed:32132706, PubMed:32132707). Acts as a key sensor of heme-deficiency: in normal conditions, binds hemin via a cysteine thiolate and histidine nitrogenous coordination, leading to inhibit the protein kinase activity (By similarity). This binding occurs with moderate affinity, allowing it to sense the heme concentration within the cell: heme depletion relieves inhibition and stimulates kinase activity, activating the ISR (By similarity). Thanks to this unique heme-sensing capacity, plays a crucial role to shut off protein synthesis during acute heme-deficient conditions (By similarity). In red blood cells (RBCs), controls hemoglobin synthesis ensuring a coordinated regulation of the synthesis of its heme and globin moieties (By similarity). It thereby plays an essential protective role for RBC survival in anemias of iron deficiency (By similarity). Similarly, in hepatocytes, involved in heme-mediated translational control of CYP2B and CYP3A and possibly other hepatic P450 cytochromes (By similarity). May also regulate endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress during acute heme-deficient conditions (By similarity). Also activates the ISR in response to mitochondrial dysfunction: HRI/EIF2AK1 protein kinase activity is activated upon binding to the processed form of DELE1 (S-DELE1), thereby promoting the ATF4-mediated reprogramming (PubMed:32132706, PubMed:32132707).

Construct: HRI(S161-S586) (delta V237-Y376) (D442N)

Expression Host: E. coli

Purity: 90%

Formulation: 50 mM Tris-HCl (pH7.5), 200 mM NaCl, 20% glycerol

Supplied as sterile

Please contact us for any concerns or special requirements.

Please refer to the specific buffer information in the hard copy of CoA.


< 0.01 EU per μg of the protein


Liquid. It is shipped out with blue ice.

Stability & Storage:

Samples are stable for up to twelve months from date of receipt at -20 to -80

Store it under sterile conditions at -20 to -80. It is recommended that the protein be aliquoted for optimal storage. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.